The Internet of Things has grown in popularity in recent years, and many think it will grow even more in the next few years. It is even the core of technological innovation in all industries. So after all, what is IoT? Why is this network so powerful?
What is IoT?
You may be reading this article on any device, but whatever you’re using, you’ll need to be connected to the Internet. Connecting to the Internet brings a lot of benefits, and those benefits are not limited to smartphones, laptops or tablets, but also directly affect our daily lives.
The Internet of Things (IoT) simply means connecting everything in the world to the Internet.
Why is IoT important?
When a device is connected to the Internet, that means it can receive and send information. For example, you can listen to all the songs in the world, and it doesn’t need to be on your computer, they will be stored on the server.
The Internet of Things can be divided into 3 types:
- Collecting and Sending Information
- Collect information and take action accordingly
- Devices that can do both
Collecting and Sending Information
Usually, sensors will perform this function. Sensors can measure temperature, movement, humidity, air quality, light, and almost anything else. Sensors, when connected to the Internet, will help users understand more about their surroundings, making related decisions smarter. In other words, humans have senses, machines have sensors to collect information.
For example, having sensors in the field will help farmers collect information on when to water and exactly how much water is needed.
Collect information and take action accordingly
You must be familiar with the fact that machines make actions based on input from humans, like the printer receives the document and prints it. Controlling the operation of a device is now too normal.
What is the real power of IoT?
The real power of IoT can be seen when the device can perform both tasks: collect information and act on its own.
Here is a real-life example- IoT is applied to the agriculture industry. Sensors collect information about soil moisture to help farmers know when to water. With the IoT system, the watering system can act on its own, based on the soil moisture information it collects.
Not stopping there, the Internet of Things system also helps the watering system recognize when it’s raining to automatically turn off the watering feature. All the sensor information collected is also stored in a data center, which uses algorithms to analyze, thereby predicting the condition and minimizing risks for farmers.
There are other types of sensors that can gather information about light, air quality, and temperature. These sensors can collect information up to tens, hundreds, and thousands of farms at the same time, algorithms can generate information and analyze how to improve farm productivity, partly solving the problem of food supply for many places in the world.
IoT is applied in many different fields, and helps science and technology to develop more and more, increasing efficiency and efficiency of people. The IoT industry’s ongoing growth will have a revolutionary impact on all enterprises. The IoT market is expected to reach over $3 trillion yearly by 2026 thanks to the internet connectivity that has been integrated into all of our modern products.